Hand Block Print

Hand Block Print is traditional process on textiles, for block print they use natural rick color. It has been practiced in Rajasthan around 500 years. Firstly Hand block printing was introduced in the region of Jaipur, Rajasthan by the Chippa community. The chippa community was originally located in Bagru village, now this area is famous for its vegetable dye and mud resist (dabu) block prints. The art of hand block printing has been passed from one generation to another generation. In traditional Bagru block printing the chippa community develop the dye with the help of plants and this process is alive generation to generation. The color depends upon the quality of the plants. In Recent form of block printing, such as Sanganer, color are mixed using AZO free pigment dyes.

In Hand Block Printing we use hand craved teak wood block that is dipped in dye and stamp by hand onto cotton or silk. The design is traced onto the block by the master craftsman they chip away at the block to create a stamp. Firstly the fabric is pre-washed in the river to reduce the consumption of the water and after fabric is dyed, laid on the flat table and fixed firmly with pins. Four to five basic natural color are used and they color will mixed together to form a multitude of color. Then the block stamp is dipped in the color or dye and stamped on the fabric by hand. After that left the fabric to dry and when the fabric is dry rinsed in the river and hung to dry in the sun.

The Major Part of India where block printing is done is:-

1. Rajasthan(Bagru & Sanganer)
2. Gujarat(Surat, Ahmadabad, Pethapur)
3. Andhra Pradesh
4. Uttar Pradesh(Farukhabad)
5. West Bengal